The report was released August 11, 2023.

Corn Production Up 10% from 2022
Soybean Production Down 2% from 2022
Cotton Production Down 3% from 2022
Winter Wheat Production Up 2% from July Forecast


Corn production for grain is forecast at 15.1 billion bushels, up 10% from 2022. Based on conditions as of August 1, yields are expected to average 175.1 bushels per harvested acre, up 1.8 bushels from last year. Area harvested for grain, forecast at 86.3 million acres, is unchanged from the June forecast but up 9% from the previous year.

Soybean production for beans is forecast at 4.21 billion bushels, down 2% from 2022. Based on conditions as of August 1, yields are expected to average 50.9 bushels per harvested acre, up 1.4 bushels from 2022. Area harvested for beans in the United States is forecast at 82.7 million acres, unchanged from the previous forecast but down 4 percent from 2022.

All cotton production is forecast at 14.0 million 480-pound bales, down 3% from 2022. Based on conditions as of August 1, yields are expected to average 779 pounds per harvested acre, down 171 pounds from 2022. Upland cotton production is forecast at 13.7 million 480-pound bales, down 2% from 2022. Pima cotton production is forecast at 268,000 bales, down 43% from 2022. All cotton area harvested is forecast at 8.62 million acres, up 18% from 2022.

All wheat production for grain is forecast at 1.73 billion bushels, down less than 1% from the previous forecast but up 5% from 2022. Based on August 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 45.8 bushels per harvested acre, down 0.3 bushel from the previous forecast and down 0.7 bushels from 2022. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 37.9 million acres, up less than 1% from the previous forecast and up 7% from 2022.

Winter wheat production is forecast at 1.23 billion bushels, up 2% from the July 1 forecast and up 11% from 2022. As of August 1, the United States yield is forecast at 48.1 bushels per acre, up 1.2 bushels from last month and up 1.1 bushels from last year’s average yield of 47.0 bushels per acre. Area expected to be harvested for grain or seed totals 25.5 million acres, down 1% from the Acreage report released on June 30, 2023, but up 9% from last year.

Hard Red Winter production, at 585 million bushels, is up 1% from last month. Soft Red Winter, at 440 million bushels, is up 4% from the July forecast. White Winter, at 202 million bushels, is down 2% from last month. Of the White Winter production, 11.9 million bushels are Hard White and 190 million bushels are Soft White.

Durum wheat production is forecast at 57.4 million bushels, up 6% from the previous forecast but down 10% from 2022. Based on August 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 35.5 bushels per harvested acre, down 2.4 bushels from the previous forecast and down 5.0 bushels from 2022. Area expected to be harvested for grain or seed totals 1.62 million acres, up 13% from the Acreage report released on June 30, 2023, and up 2% from 2022.

Other spring wheat production for grain is forecast at 450 million bushels, down 6% from the previous forecast and down 7% from last year. Based on August 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 41.8 bushels per harvested acre, down 3.4 bushels from the previous forecast and down 4.4 bushel from 2022. Area harvested for grain or seed is expected to total 10.8 million acres, up 2% from the Acreage report released on June 30, 2023, and up 3% from 2022. Of the total production, 413 million bushels are Hard Red Spring wheat, down 7% from 2022.

Beginning this year, NASS is reviewing planted and harvested acreage estimates for barley, oats, and wheat (winter, other spring, and Durum) in the August Crop Production report. Revisions are based on all available data, including the latest certified acreage data from the Farm Service Agency (FSA). All States in the estimating program for these crops were subject to review and updating.